- Estimates of the prevalence of language difficulties by preschool age are between 2% and 19%, while specific language impairment (SLI) is one of the most common childhood disorders, affecting 7% of children (ASHA, 2005). Other speech disorders, which also impact a person’s life functioning (e.g., phonology, stuttering), have reported prevalence estimates of 1-14% (Campbell et al. 2003; Craig et al. 2002; Craig & Tran, 2005).
- A child might have difficulty with their understanding of language- this is called a receptive language delay including challenges: understanding gestures, following directions, answering questions, identifying objects and pictures, taking turns with talking with others.
- They may have difficulty with talking- this is called expressive language delay and includes things like: asking questions, naming objects, using gestures, putting words together into sentences, using grammar words, knowing how to start a conversation.
2. What are some things to look out for in the early years that may require support from a Speech-Language Pathologist?
- Parents are smart. You listen to your child talk and know better than anyone else how your child communicates.
- Ask your family members if there is history or speech and language delays in the family.
- Start to listen to other children your child’s age- matched peers and think back if you have older children and how they communicated at that age- then mentally compare your child’s communication skills with other children- check this impressing with other people, friends, relatives and even your family doctor
- Can your child…
- Understand what gestures mean
- Follow directions
- Answer questions
- Identify objects and pictures
- Take turns when talking with others
- Ask questions
- Name objects
- Use geastures
- Put words together into sentences
- Use correct pronouns, like “he” or “they”
- Can others easily understand what your child is saying- (unfamiliar listeners)
3. What does it mean if my child has a speech and language delay and why is it important to seek advice?
- Research shows that early intervention is so important! Without this speech difficulties can have a big impact because they affect other areas of development like learning, reading and writing.
- The first three years of a child’s life involves rapid development in all areas including language- children that are diagnosed at an early age and have appropriate intervention are seen to have better outcomes later on.
To learn more about speech and language development you can call Pacekids Programs today to book for a complimentary screening for children ages 2.5 to 5.5 years old!
Call to book your complimentary screening at 403.234.7876 ext 2.